Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals build up in the joints, leading to pain and swelling. The condition most commonly affects the joint at the base of the big toe, but can also occur in other joints of the foot and ankle.
Gout typically causes sudden and severe pain, often described as a throbbing or burning sensation. The affected joint may be red, warm, and tender to the touch. Attacks of gout can last for several days to several weeks, and may be triggered by factors such as stress, injury, or certain medications.
Risk factors for gout include obesity, high blood pressure, kidney disease, and a family history of the condition. Dietary factors, such as consuming high levels of purines found in red meat and alcohol, can also increase the risk of developing gout.
Treatment for gout typically involves medications to reduce inflammation and pain, as well as lifestyle modifications such as changes to the diet and increased physical activity. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove uric acid crystals from the affected joint.
If you are experiencing symptoms of gout, it is important to seek medical attention from a podiatrist who can diagnose the condition and recommend appropriate treatment. By managing gout effectively, individuals can often prevent future attacks and maintain good foot health.