A neuroma is a painful condition that occurs when a nerve in the foot becomes inflamed or irritated. The most common type of neuroma is called a Morton’s neuroma, which affects the nerve between the third and fourth toes.
Symptoms of a neuroma may include pain, numbness, tingling, and a sensation of burning or electric shock in the affected area. The pain may be aggravated by standing, walking, or wearing tight shoes.
Risk factors for developing a neuroma include wearing high heels or shoes with a narrow toe box, having flat feet or high arches, and participating in high-impact activities such as running.
Treatment for a neuroma typically involves conservative measures such as wearing comfortable shoes with a wide toe box, using orthotic devices to support the foot, and taking over-the-counter pain medication. In some cases, corticosteroid injections may be recommended to reduce inflammation and pain.
If conservative measures are not effective, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected nerve. Your podiatrist can help you understand the risks and benefits of surgery, and develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your individual needs.
By taking steps to manage the symptoms of a neuroma and prevent further irritation of the affected nerve, individuals can often achieve significant relief from pain and improve their overall foot health.